Comparative linguistics
Comparative linguistics

a branch of linguistics which studies two or more languages in order to compare their structures and to show whether they are similar or different. Comparative linguistics is used in the study of language types (see TYPOLOGY) and in COMPARATIVE HISTORICAL LINGUISTICS. It is also used by some applied linguists for establishing differences between the learner’s native language and the TARGET LANGUAGE1 in the areas of syntax, vocabulary, and sound systems (Richard & Schmidt 2002, p. 90).

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